Chavelot


Historical portrait :

During the Roman period, stategic and commercial roads were created. It enabled to the legions to move quickly towards Belgium and the Rhine. One of them went at the foot of Chavelot’s hillside, alongside the Moselle River: the road going from Basel to Scarpone, also called the “Imperial road”.

 

In the Middle-Ages an act dating from 1294 mentions that Bouchard, who was bishop of Metz, owned some properties in Chavelot. Later, in 1323, the bishop of Metz recognized he owed some localities, including Chavelot, to Baudouin of Epinal.   During this period the area suffered the consequences of the rivalry between bishops and dukes, giving rise to numerous conflicts on the territory of Lorraine.

 

Moreover Chavelot was not sparred by the Thirty Years War in the 17th century since Lorraine was between the main belligerents – i.e. France and the Holy Roman Germanic Empire.

 

In the 19thcentury the canal and the railway being adjacent, the surroundings became prosperous, especially the big factories in Thaon-les-Vosges.



Customs, Stories, and Remarkable Figures…

Plague epidemics: According to various texts Chavelot experienced a first plague epidemic in 1532 and a second in 1782.

 

Flooding from the Moselle River:  In the past Chavelot was located in the valley at the foot of the hill where it stretches today.  It suffered an extremely powerful flooding of the Moselle River in 1590 due to the melting snow.

 

The worship of Saint-Antoine:  It was in part materialized by a chapel in the present Thaon of which nothing remains today. It would have been set up in the 11th -12thcenturies when epidemics called “du feu de Saint Antoine” (fire of Saint Anthony) hardly hit the population.

                          

Charles Duhoux : In 1686 he was a regent of school. He is little known but his family tree is remarkable. He was descended from Duhoux and Hennezel families: the first is known for its military experience since the 14th century, the second for being a family of glassblower quoted in the charter of the glassblower of 21st June 1448.

 

Jean-Pierre Haustête: He was an important politician at the time of the Revolution. He was born in Chavelot on 26th December 1749. Both farmer and lawyer at the parliament, he is elected in 1790 at the Departemental Council, then 2 years later commissioner and vice-president of the Directory for the district of Epinal. He died in Epinal in 1813 at the age of 64.


Monuments / Heritage:

Saint-Evre Church: The present church dates from 1844. It is located at the place of a former church which, according to the texts, would have been built in the 5th century by the bishop of Toul.

 

Saint-Antoine’s Hermitage: Some hermits belonging to the Congregation of Saint John Baptiste guarded the old Saint Antoine’s Chapel. In 1842, during the course of archeological digs on the hillside of Paillé (from Thaon to Chavelot), the hermitage and chapel’s foundations were uncovered with the bones of thirteen sepultures. These remains were buried again. Today there is no longer visible traces of these remains.




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